In 1992, the Government of India passed the 73rdand 74th amendments to adopt a decentralised model of governance.The Panchayat Briefs series examines the impact of these reforms in the context of new research on decentralisation in India. The third brief in this series analyses the structure and impact of decentralisation in three countries–Bolivia,Switzerland and Uganda
The field notes in this series seek to document accountability mechanisms built into key government programs for service delivery. The current note examines the implementation of the Nirmal Gram Puraskar (NGP) in Bilaspur district, Himachal Pradesh. It assesses the extent to which the NGP promoted participatory and accountable governance. The field Work for this project … Continue reading "Incentivising Rural Sanitation: The Nirmal Gram Purask"
Neighborhood Associations have assumed an important role in public policy decision making as the principal voice of the middle class across urban India. In recent years, these associations have sought a more formal role in policy making by contesting for political office in local elections in at least five major cities. This is significant not … Continue reading "Indian Middle Class and Electoral Politics"
Public discourse in India has been dominated by a heated debate on how to address the endemic corruption in India’s public institutions. The agitation for the Lok Pal bill and the ensuing discussions has brought the role of anti-corruption institutions and accountability mechanisms to the heart of this debate. As potential solutions begin to emerge, … Continue reading "Strengthening Public Accountability: Andhra Pradesh"
In 2008, Kaluram Salvi, Sarpanch of Vijaypura Gram Panchayat, Rajsamand district Rajasthan, implemented a unique experiment aimed at strengthening transparency in the implementation of the Mahatama Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). He created a ‘Janta Information System (JIS) by painting crucial information related to implementation of MGNREGA on the walls of the Gram Panchayat … Continue reading "Unpacking Transparency and Accountability Measures"
Requiring Indian Utilities to Report: Harnessing disclosure legislation to improve water and sanitation services By contrasting the reporting requirements of the Indian water and sanitation utilities with other international experiences, this paper calls attention to the information vacuum that pervades urban WatSan uitility sector in India. The lack of benchmarking of key performance and service … Continue reading "Disclosure Legislation to Improve Water and Sanitation"
Through a literature review of key academic work on decentralization, this policy brief examines the effectiveness of rural decentralization in promoting inclusive, participatory and accountable governance.
Social accountability mechanisms can contribute to improved governance, increased development effectiveness through better service delivery, and citizen empowerment. However, critical to the success of social accountability initiatives is civil society and state capacities, and the synergy between the two. Ultimately, the effectiveness and sustainability of social accountability mechanisms is improved when they are ‘institutionalized’. This … Continue reading "Institutionalising Social Accountability"
How does a hierarchical, top-down state respond to efforts to become directly accountable to its citizens? This paper analyses this question through India’s experience with implementing social audits for the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) in the state of Andhra Pradesh (AP), India. Passed by the Indian Parliament in 2005, the MGNREGA … Continue reading "Spectators and Participants?"
This presentation is about the changes in the social sector and whether these changes have resulted in an increase in allocation. It also addresses how allocations are implemented and the structure of transfers.