In 2008, Kaluram Salvi, Sarpanch of Vijaypura Gram Panchayat, Rajsamand district Rajasthan, implemented a unique experiment aimed at strengthening transparency in the implementation of the Mahatama Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). He created a ‘Janta Information System (JIS) by painting crucial information related to implementation of MGNREGA on the walls of the Gram Panchayat … Continue reading "Unpacking Transparency and Accountability Measures"
Requiring Indian Utilities to Report: Harnessing disclosure legislation to improve water and sanitation services By contrasting the reporting requirements of the Indian water and sanitation utilities with other international experiences, this paper calls attention to the information vacuum that pervades urban WatSan uitility sector in India. The lack of benchmarking of key performance and service … Continue reading "Disclosure Legislation to Improve Water and Sanitation"
Through a literature review of key academic work on decentralization, this policy brief examines the effectiveness of rural decentralization in promoting inclusive, participatory and accountable governance.
Social accountability mechanisms can contribute to improved governance, increased development effectiveness through better service delivery, and citizen empowerment. However, critical to the success of social accountability initiatives is civil society and state capacities, and the synergy between the two. Ultimately, the effectiveness and sustainability of social accountability mechanisms is improved when they are ‘institutionalized’. This … Continue reading "Institutionalising Social Accountability"
How does a hierarchical, top-down state respond to efforts to become directly accountable to its citizens? This paper analyses this question through India’s experience with implementing social audits for the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) in the state of Andhra Pradesh (AP), India. Passed by the Indian Parliament in 2005, the MGNREGA … Continue reading "Spectators and Participants?"