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Our work covers the government’s rural and urban sanitation, and clean drinking water efforts. Open defecation and its public health outcomes have been a policy challenge for several decades. Attempts to address this problem were begun by the Government of India in 1986, and the three decades since have seen this effort expand in scope. Our research unpacks the functioning of a major programme - the Swachh Bharat Mission. Among other angles, we have analysed its community-driven aspect and the issues involved in ensuring sustainability and behaviour change. You can also find information on the erstwhile Nirmal Bharat Abhiyaan, and how successful India has been on manual scavenger rehabilitation in this section.

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