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In a Glance: Monsoon Session 2022 (Part I)

Aprajita Verma

1 August 2022

The Monsoon Session 2022 of Parliament commenced on 18 July 2022 and is scheduled to conclude on 12 August 2022. Below are curated highlights from the Question Hour and Zero Hour during the first two weeks of the session.

Highlights from Question Hour & Zero Hour

Women & Child Development

  • The National Creche Scheme is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) [1] to provide day-care facilities to children (between 6 months to 6 years) of working mothers. The state-wise data on the number of crèches under the National Creche  scheme highlights [2] the following:
      • States with the highest number of creches under the scheme are Assam (616), West Bengal (602), Jammu & Kashmir (561), Karnataka (544), Manipur (427), and others.
      • State and Union Territories  with low numbers of creches under the scheme are Goa (1) Sikkim (19), Meghalaya (40), Chandigarh (52), Delhi (53), Gujarat (58), and others.
  • Several states like Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh and others have no crèches under the scheme till date.
  • As reported on ICDS-RRS portal [3] (ICDS-Rapid Reporting System), out of the total number of  operational Anganwadi Centres (AWCs) i.e. 12 lakh, about 51.48% AWCs (6.18 lakh centres) were running in their own buildings and  24.20%t AWCs (2.9 lakh centres) were running in rented premises as on 31 March  2022 [4].
  • The Anaemia Mukt Bharat (AMB) Index (2021-22) ranks States/UTs on their coverage of Iron Folic Acid (IFA) supplementation. According to the AMB Index (2021-22):
      • Some of the top-performing states in terms of IFA coverage were Andhra Pradesh (75.3%), Maharashtra (58%), Himachal Pradesh (56.9%), Chhattisgarh (56.1%), Tamil Nadu (54.8), Odisha (53.1%), and Madhya Pradesh (51.1%).
      • Some of the worst performing states were Mizoram (22.9%), Tripura (21%), Bihar (20.3%), Meghalaya (20%), Arunachal Pradesh (15%), Manipur (13.1%), and Nagaland (11.8%).

Housing

  • Government of India (GoI) conducted “Awaas+” survey between January 2018 and March 2019 to identify potential beneficiaries under the Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana- Gramin (PMAY-G) which were left out under the Socio Economic Caste Census (SECC)-2011. The collected  data are being utilised to  prepare an additional list of potential beneficiaries for PMAY-G. As on 19th July 2022, a total of 63.68 lakh houses have been allocated to eligible states and  Union Territories (UTs) from Awaas+ data. (Download our latest brief on PMAY-G to know the status and progress of the scheme.)

Water

  • Under Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM), as on 22 July 2022, 34.32% (6.57 crore) rural households have been provided with tap water connections. At the time of JJM’s announcement in August 2019, out of 18.93 crore rural households in the country, approximately 17% (3.23 crore) rural households were reported to have tap water connections. Therefore, out of 19.15 crore rural households in the country, around 51.22% (9.81 crore) rural households are currently reported to have tap water supply. Tap water connections to the remaining 49% (9.34 crore) rural households are planned to be provided by 2024 under JJM.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Accountability Initiative’s Budget Brief (2022-23) on JJM highlights that the release of funds by GoI has been slow and the utilisation of funds available has been even slower. In FY (financial year) 2021-22, only 26% of GoI’s approved budget had been released to the states till 1 January 2022,  over three-fourths into the fiscal year. Despite low releases, not all funds were spent. Expenditures as a proportion of GoI funds available stood at 44% as on 1 January 2022  (Download our latest brief on JJM to know the status and progress of the scheme.)
  • As per the  Jal Jeevan Mission’s IMIS (Integrated Management Information System), out of 2.66 lakh Gram Panchayats (GPs) in the country, tap water connections have been provided to all rural households in 73,636 GPs (28 %). The government aims to provide tap water connections to the remaining 9.34 crore rural households in 1.92 lakh GPs by 2024.
  • On 22 March 2017, the National Water Quality Sub-Mission (NWQSM) was launched to provide safe drinking water to 27,544 arsenic and fluoride affected rural habitations across the country. The ground water quality data generated by the Central Ground Water Board reports the occurrence of Arsenic, Fluoride, Iron, Nitrate, and heavy metals beyond  the permissible limits set by Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) in various isolated pockets across the country. As on 19 July 2022, the state-wise data on the contamination of groundwater included:
      • Groundwater in parts of 409 districts in 26 states & UTs contained Fluoride (above 1.5 mg/l).
      • Groundwater in parts of 487 districts in 23  states & UTs contained Nitrate (above 45 mg/l).
      • Groundwater in parts of 209 districts in 25 states & UTs contained Arsenic (above 0.01 mg/l).
      • Groundwater in parts of 491 districts in 29 states & UTs contained Iron (above 1 mg/l ).
      • Groundwater in parts of 176 districts in 21 states contained Lead (above 0.01 mg/l).
      • Groundwater in  parts of 29 districts in 11 states contained Cadmium (above 0.003 mg/l).
      • Groundwater in parts of 62 districts in 16 states contained Chromium (above 0.05 mg/l).
  • In June 2015, Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) was launched in 500 cities to provide basic civic amenities  in the sectors of water supply, sewerage, and urban transport. To achieve universal water supply coverage in the selected cities, AMRUT has a target of providing 139 lakh household water tap connections. Till date, out of the target, approximately 91.5% (1.3 crore) household water tap connections have been provided under AMRUT and in convergence with other schemes.

The next round-up will be released soon. To read curated highlights of the Budget Session 2022, click here.

Notes

[1] In Financial Year (FY) 2021- 22, GoI restructured the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS), POSHAN (Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nourishment) Abhiyaan, the Scheme for Adolescent Girls, and the National Creche Scheme into Saksham Anganwadi and POSHAN 2.0 to converge nutrition-related initiatives and strengthen outcomes.

[2] These numbers do not include data on the number of crèches being run under the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017 and by private NGOs, as this information is not maintained centrally.

[3]  Rapid Reporting System (RSS) on Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme.

[4]  Status of AWCs in Lakshadweep and Nagaland has not been reported on the ICDS-RSS portal.

Also Read: Build Something that Lasts in the System for a Long Time: Interview with IAS Minal Karanwal

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